Eye gaze technology use for people with motor neurone disease: A systematic review

Ms Rebecca Lamont1, Mrs Lucie Lanyon1

1Northern Health, Bundoora, Australia



Aim: People with Motor Neurone Disease (MND) require alternative and augmentative communication (AAC) options to support their rapidly changing communication and physical needs. AAC increases independence, communication opportunities, and quality of life. Eye gaze technology (EGT) is an innovative high tech method of controlling computers with eye movements. It is flexible, dynamic, and individualised. EGT has the potential to enable people with severe physical limitations to access the world around them, socialise, control their environment and communicate independently. The emerging empirical evidence favours EGT use in the MND population, however to date no systematic review of the evidence has been undertaken. This study aims to systematically review the evidence in relation to implementation of EGT within the MND population.


Method: A systematic review of the literature is currently underway.  Eight electronic databases, select journals and citations were searched.  Methodological quality and effects sizes will be calculated. Each study will be classified using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and will consider  study results in relation to accuracy and speed of message transfer, opportunities for communication; social networking, independence and environmental control; and wellbeing, mental health and life satisfaction.


Results: The analysis is currently underway. Evidence relating to the quality of current EGT research and the efficacy of the evidence will be presented.


Significance of the findings to allied health: The data from this study contributes to understanding the efficacy of EGT for intervention with a population of significant and rapidly changing needs. It also provides a base for further, stronger research using EGT.